What are the functions of a 30-amp RV power outlet?

In this blog post, we will answer the question: “What are the functions of a 30-amp RV power outlet?” We will discuss the functions of a 30-amp RV power outlet and talk about the wiring and connections. We will also discuss the power outlet with breaker voltage and the required steps to wire a 30-amp RV power outlet.

 

What are the functions of a 30-amp RV power outlet?

A 30-amp RV power outlet can provide 240 volts AC and is approximately 3600 watts. Many RVs have a 30-amp power outlet since the latest RVs are the ones that have a 50-amp power outlet. RV parks and campsites are also known to have 30-amp outlets. Below are the functions of a 30-amp RV power outlet.

  • When you hook up an RV power outlet with a breaker, the voltage is split at the panel. 
  • The main breaker is in the center of the breaker panel and the hot leg of the circuit is split into two separate legs. 
  • The hot leg will be the same voltage as the neutral wire. 
  • To determine the volts of the 240-volt service, find out the corresponding circuit breaker or receptacle. 
  • Its minimum wire size is 10 gauge. If you are installing the outlet far from the panel, use an 8-gauge wire. 
  • A 30-amp circuit will give you approximately 3600 watts of service. 
  • Ensure that you have a circuit breaker of at least 50 amps.
  • Your main panel will contain a single-pole 240-volt service breaker. This breaker will shut off the breaker if the power supply falls on a phase. To avoid this situation, a 30A adapter between the two hot legs should be installed.  
  • Note that the 50A adapter will not connect the two legs of the 240-volt service breaker, as they are out of phase.

Single-pole circuit breaker 

  • Using a single-pole circuit breaker with a TT-30 RV power outlet will not work. If the breaker is properly installed, it will send two hot wires and one neutral to the TT-30 outlet. 
  • It is also important to note that 240-volt receptacles are dangerous and may cause serious damage to the RV. Be sure to contact an expert if you are not familiar with working with electrical circuits.

 

Selecting a 30 amp RV power outlet with a breaker

  • When selecting an RV power outlet with a breaker, be sure to choose one with enough wattage for your needs. 
  • A 30 amp system is rated for a maximum load of 3600 watts, and it is not advisable to plug in more than this amount of power at one time. 
  • This is because all appliances use different voltages and frequencies, and using the maximum power for one plug could damage another outlet.
  • A 30-amp plug can accommodate a microwave, furnace, or a single AC unit. 
  • On the other hand, the 50-amp plug is ideal for large RVs, which typically use two air conditioners and a washer/dryer set-up. 
  • The 30-amp plug has three wires and a ground pin. With the appropriate breaker, a 30 amp outlet can handle up to 3,600 watts.

 

50-amp RV outlets

A 50-amp outlet is also another option if you are unsure whether your RV’s plug has the appropriate power capacity. But in general, a 50-amp outlet will not affect the performance of the electrical components in a 30-amp RV. The best way to ensure that the right power outlet is available is to research the power requirements of your destination.

Most of the RVs have a 30-amp RV power outlet with a breaker. While a 50-amp outlet can handle up to 12,000 watts, most RVs are designed to receive only thirty-amps of service. It is easy to accidentally trip the breaker and blow a fuse when attempting to use an electric appliance. It is also good to choose a 30-amp outlet with a breaker in case of emergency.

 

Power outlet with breaker voltage

A typical RV power outlet with a breaker measures 120 volts AC. A circuit with a total outage may still show a 120-volt reading. A damaged or faulty leg will cause a lower reading than an outlet with a true 240-volt supply. The other possible causes include a bad breaker, a missing neutral, or an open leg.

 

Wiring and connections with a 30 amp RV

  • When you connect your devices to a 30-amp RV power outlet with a breaker, be sure to remember that the neutral wire is part of the circuit. 
  • Avoid connecting two devices to one hot-leg, since that may cause a voltage spike. The converter will also not function properly in this situation. It can cause major damage to appliances.
  • If you are installing a 30 amp RV power outlet with a breaker, make sure to use a 20-amp receptacle. This breaker will support any combination of heaters up to 3,840 watts. 
  • The wire used for wiring your 30 amp RV power outlet with a breaker should be at least six-gauge. A temporary 120V/30A setup can work with a double-pole breaker.

If you are unable to find a 30 amp RV power outlet, you can also use wire nuts to convert a 240-volt circuit to a 120-volt circuit. For example, some people have used a dryer outlet wired along with a 30 amp breaker. It is always advised to contact a professional in case you have any doubts about the wiring and connections with a 30 amp RV.

 

Types of wires

An RV power outlet with a breaker has two separate wires which are black and white. The black wire is the hot leg and the other is neutral.  The white wire is connected to the “white” or silver screw. It connects to the neutral bar in the panel box. The bare or green wire is connected to the “G” screw or U-shaped prong and the ground bar.

 

Wire gauge and cables

The wire gauge for RV electrical outlets is 12-2 AWG, and these cables are made of thick, flexible PVC. Most modern cords mount from the ground up. There are many options and these wires can be purchased at RV stores or online. Make sure the wire and breaker you choose are the correct size and are matched perfectly.  

A wire gauge is a measurement of the diameter and thickness of a wire. The diameter of a 12-gauge wire is 2.05 mm, and it has a lower resistance to current flow. A twelve-gauge wire is commonly used in 120-volt air conditioning units and kitchenettes. This type of wire can handle up to 20 amps, and it is recommended for circuits with large power.

 

TT-30P device

The TT-30P device has a brass-colored pin. Once you have inserted the wire, make sure to match its color codes with the ones on the outlet box. The hot wire goes to the brass-colored screw, the white neutral wire goes to the silver-colored screw, and the bare green wire is the ground wire. The U-shaped pin is used for grounding.

 

Steps to wire a 30 amp RV power outlet

To use a 30-amp RV power outlet, you must first wire it properly. You must use a single-pole circuit breaker that measures 120 volts across the hot and neutral contacts. Be sure to use a heavier, ten-gauge wire than the normal wire for a 15 or 20-amp home outlet. Below are a few steps to be followed to install a 30-amp breaker in your RV.

  • The first step is to draw the two brass wires from the outlet housing. 
  • The next step will be to connect each of the wires to the appropriate color codes.  
  • Black is the hot wire, which connects to the brass-colored screw. 
  • The white wire, or neutral, is connected to the silver-colored screw. 
  • The green wire is the ground wire and should be connected to the U-shaped pin.
  • Before you start wiring your 30-amp RV outlet, make sure that you use a ten-gauge wire. You can use wire staples for this purpose. 
  • Once you have installed the wire, install the new breaker. 
  • Make sure to pull the wire slowly. Do not pull the wire too hard or you may end up ripping it. In addition, remember that the wires you cut should be ten-gauge.
  • Ensure that the breaker is compatible with the 30-amp outlet you are using. 
  • The 30-amp breaker is different from a normal outlet. The two wires must have the same capacity to protect the outlet. 
  • The 30 amp outlet can handle a maximum of 3600 watts. 
  • By using the right circuit breaker, you can ensure that the appliances you plug in use a proper 30-amp power source.

 

Conclusion

In this blog post, we answered the question: “What are the functions of a 30-amp RV power outlet?” We discussed the functions of a 30-amp RV power outlet and talked about the wiring and connections. We also discussed the power outlet with breaker voltage and the required steps to wire a 30-amp RV power outlet.

Citations

https://www.camperrules.com/how-to-wire-a-30-amp-rv-outlet#axzz7T9sLPg4X
https://www.myrv.us/Imgs/PDF/30-amp%20Service.pdf
https://www.doityourself.com/forum/electrical-ac-dc/608415-how-install-30-amp-rv-power-outlet-branch-breakers.html
https://axleaddict.com/rvs/How-to-Install-an-RV-Outlet-at-Home

What was missing from this post which could have made it better?