In this blog post, we will answer the following question: Do I need a weight distribution hitch for a pop-up camper? We will explain what a weight distribution hitch is and how to choose the best one for your trailer type.
Do I need a weight distribution hitch for a pop-up camper?
No, you do not need a weight distribution hitch for a pop-up camper. The sole purpose of the weight distribution hitch is to provide a stabilizing function, thus distributing the load in the camper better.
An overloaded pop-up camper will be more difficult to manoeuvre. The camper can also sway, which can cause additional issues. The weight distribution hitch may certainly make your pop-up camper more stable, but it is not mandatory!
Here are some cases of when you will need a weight distribution hitch for your camper
- Calculate the weight of your vehicle and compare it to the gross weight of the trailer. The trailer can only reach 50% of the total vehicle weight.
- As you tow a trailer, you notice it swaying.
- It is difficult to control your vehicle while towing. It may be more difficult to turn or you may not be able to achieve optimum speed.
- You notice that the rear part of the vehicle lowers when you attach the trailer
Just imagine attaching a heavy trailer to a vehicle. You mount it in the back and the vehicle is now under stress due to the heavyweight placed on it. The weight of the boom is now directly on the rear axle of the vehicle. If you start the vehicle and begin to drive it, you may notice that it is difficult to reach optimum speed and manoeuvre it.
This happens because the rear part of the vehicle is carrying too much weight. This is why it is imperative to use a weight distribution hitch. It applies leverage by using spring bars to distribute the weight on all sides. Thanks to this, you ensure pleasant driving without worrying about the sway of the trailer.
Does a weight distribution hitch increase the vehicle’s towing capacity?
It can’t be said that a WD hitch can actually increase the towing capacity of the vehicle. On the other hand, it could allow you to maximize the towing potential of your vehicle.
Remember, however, that a WD hitch will not increase overall towing capacity. You should always consider the other components of your towing system. Stick to the recommended capacity for your particular vehicle and use the WD hitch to better distribute the load and improve the towing experience.
It is important to follow the recommendations for each component of your towing system. Otherwise, you risk damaging the trailer, vehicle, and system parts. The goal of the hitch is to distribute the load and optimize the towing experience, so don’t expect miracles.
How does a weight distribution hitch work?
If you plan to tow a trailer, you must attach it to the vehicle. Once you connect it, you will notice that the rear of the vehicle may drop a bit. This is the consequence of the weight placed by the trailer. When you sit behind the wheel, it will be difficult to break and manoeuvre the vehicle because you will not have a good weight balance. This is where a weight distribution issue comes into play.
They provide a working mechanism that optimizes the load that the trailer puts on the towing vehicle. In essence, the purpose of a WD hitch is to distribute the load across all axles of the trailer and vehicle. Thanks to this, you get an overall balance, which means optimum manoeuvring of the car and stability of the trailer.
Can weight distribution hitch be used with surge brakes?
If you want to combine surge brakes and WD hitches, be sure to choose a compatible model. Not all weight distribution systems are suitable for these brakes. If you notice that the chains are part of the WD hitch system, chances are they are not compatible with surge brakes. This is because there is not enough room for the actuator to activate.
Check the product description to confirm that you can use the WD hitch with surge brakes. Don’t hesitate to ask the manufacturer or existing users to check if the surge brakes are compatible with your chosen weight distribution system.
How to use a weight distribution hitch system
Weight distribution hitches are highly recommended for use on a trailer that weighs more than 5,000 pounds. When a hitch ball mount is used to tow heavy loads, all of the trailer’s weight is transferred to the rear axle of the vehicle as the trailer causes the vehicle to sag and tilt toward the rear.
Alternatively, weight distribution hitches help distribute the weight to the front and rear axles of the vehicle by using spring bars to create leverage between the trailer and the towing vehicle. Better weight distribution leads to better control of performance, traction and towing.
- Determine the size and type of hitch weight distribution to buy. The gross trailer weight, or GTW, capacity of a weight distributing hitch must exceed the maximum weight of the trailer to be towed. Remember to consider the weight of any cargo that is being transported on the trailer. The tongue weight rating of a timing hitch should match the tongue weight rating of the towed trailer.
- Confirm the weight of the trailer tongue. Tongue weight is typically 10 to 15 percent of the MAM, but should be checked by placing the tongue of the loaded tow on a tongue weight scale. If a tongue weight scale is not available a standard bathroom style scale placed on top of the cinder blocks to raise the height of the scale can also be used.
- Install the weight distribution hitch on the existing vehicle’s Class III, IV or V hitch. Check the vehicle’s standard hitch weight rating — printed on the hitch — to make sure it is capable of supporting the weight of the trailers to be towed. To be eligible for the use of a weight distribution hitch, the hitch label must list a weight distribution index.
- Slide the weight distribution stem into the receiver outlet of the hitch. Attach the main unit of the weight distribution system to the stem with the bolts included with the weight distribution kit. Remove the bolts holding the main unit in place and tilt the head to find the height of the tow bar.
Replace the pins to hold the head in its new position. Slide the spring bars into the head of the weight distribution from the front, or on the sides, depending on the particular style of system.
- Return the tow vehicle to the trailer and connect the spring bars and hitch to the trailer. Attach the trailer chain links mounted brackets to the spring bars to secure them in place.
Secure the trailer to the weight distribution hitch with the main unit. Finish the installation by double-checking the installation procedures to ensure that all components are securely in place.
While you don’t need a weight distribution hitch for a pop-up camper, if you choose to intall one, it is of crucial importance to choose a hitch that meets your requirements. This is the only surefire way to balance the load optimally and ensure that everything goes smoothly when towing your pop-up camper!
FAQ on Do I need a weight distribution hitch for a pop-up camper?
Are the weight distribution hitches difficult to install?
Some weight distribution hitches are difficult to install, it depends on the product. Some units come with parts preinstalled, which simplifies the process for the user. Make sure you know more about the installation process when choosing a suitable product.
Can you adjust the weight of the trailer hitch?
It is possible to adjust the height of a trailer hitch in just a few simple steps. The hitch system between a towing vehicle and a trailer needs to be configured correctly so that the two can work together safely. The towing vehicle must be capable of supporting the weight of the trailer.
What is the correct size for the weight distribution hitch?
There is no one size fits all and the only right approach is to consider your needs. If you have a smaller trailer or don’t intend to put too many heavy items inside, go for smaller sizes. However, if you need the maximum possible capacity and tongue weight, don’t hesitate to choose the units with the most impressive capacity.
What happens if your trailer is not level when towing?
If your trailer is not level when towing, it will affect your braking performance, handling and it will cause your trailer to wear out more quickly. Another danger when your trailer is not level is that it can sway, causing unnecessary accidents.
How do I stop my trailer from swaying when towing?
To stop your trailer from swaying when towing you’ll have to use anti-sway bars and shock absorbers. The transfer of load between wheels on the same axle can affect the balance of the vehicle. !